Blog Posts by Victor Tsaran

  • Quick Navigation Mode In VoiceOver Screen Reader for the Mac

    This post originally appeared on the Yahoo! Accessibility blog.

    VoiceOver is a screen reading software built into the Mac OS and is available on every computer that runs this operating system. This means that any Mac user, accessibility tester or developer has access to the same screen reading functionality at no additional cost to them.

    One of the difficulties that many VoiceOver beginners encounter when attempting to use this screen reader is learning many of its shortcut keys as well as understanding how to effectively navigate web pages or other parts of the Mac OS user interface.

    In this tutorial you will learn about the less-known but very powerful feature of VoiceOver screen reader called "Quicknav Mode". With "Quicknav Mode" you can perform a lot of navigation actions without ever touching other VoiceOver shortcut keys. "Quicknav Mode" is especially handy when navigating web pages with VoiceOver screen reader. "  Read on to learn all about it.

    Let's get started…


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  • Make Dynamic Alerts And Dialogs Accessible

    This post originally appeared on the Yahoo! Accessibility blog.


    Practically every web site these days uses some kind of dynamic alerts or dialogs. Typically, messages such as "your settings have been saved", "there was an error loading the content", etc, are called alerts because they require no action from the user (other than clicking the OK button) to dismiss them). Dialogs are message boxes or windows that ask the user to perform an action, e.g. to confirm or cancel something. Dialogs may also offer additional actions such as "never show this again" checkbox.

    Alerts and dialogs that are generated by adding or removing HTML nodes in the DOM are called dynamic because their creation does not require full page refresh.

    A special attention should be given to making alerts and dialogs accessible for keyboard users and users of screen readers, particularly when your web site is a content-based one.


    Following these rules you can make your dynamic alerts and dialogs

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  • Accessibility in ads

    Accessible ads for the sight- and/or hearing-impaired? Yes, Yahoo! is at it again. The Accessibility team — working with Yahoo!'s designers, developers, engineers, and product managers across the globe — continues to gradually incorporate more accessibility in our network. According to Victor Tsaran, one of Yahoo!'s resident accessibility team members, ads are slowly being made accessible to both sight- and hearing-impaired users.

    For the sight-impaired user, accessible display ads need to have descriptive Alt text or off-screen text added to the code. These users browse the internet with special screen reader software, which reads the content of a page aloud to them.

    When Alt text is added to an advertisement, the ad will be read by the screen reader, just like the content on the page is read. This is relatively simple and can be done quite quickly (and at virtually no cost). However, the complications arise around the advertisers deciding how they want their advertisements

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